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Cardiovascular Health of Children Linked to Maternal Hypertension and Diabetes

ByEditor

Feb 13, 2024
Study suggests that pregnancy complications could lead to poorer cardiovascular health for the child

A new study to be presented at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine’s annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, will reveal findings that suggest hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and gestational diabetes (GDM) may have negative effects on a child’s cardiovascular health.

Researchers conducted a secondary analysis of 3,317 maternal-child pairings from the prospective Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome Follow-up Study (HAPO FUS) to determine if there was a connection between HDP and GDM and a child’s cardiovascular health.

The study found that 8 percent of women developed high blood pressure during pregnancy, 12 percent developed gestational diabetes, and three percent developed both high blood pressure and diabetes. Researchers then examined the cardiovascular health of the children 10 to 14 years after delivery.

To determine their cardiovascular health in childhood, researchers acquired data on the children’s body mass index, blood pressure, total cholesterol, and glucose levels. The results showed that 55.5 percent of the children, with a median age of 11.6 years, had at least one non-ideal metric, increasing their risk of heart disease and stroke.

The study’s lead author, Kartik K. Venkatesh, MD, PhD

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