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Hormone in the Spotlight: Estrogen and its Role in Women’s Health

ByEditor

Feb 13, 2024
Estrogen may have a protective effect against dementia in women

Estrogen, a sex hormone that plays a critical role in regulating the menstrual cycle, is essential for female reproductive health. It also influences gender characteristics and sexual behavior. Moreover, estrogen has broader effects on the body, including protection against cardiovascular diseases and bone fragility and temperature regulation of the brain.

During menopause, when estrogen production decreases, various changes occur in the body. The risk of cardiovascular diseases and bone fractures increases, sleep deteriorates, mood swings and memory falter. Recent research from University College London suggests that estrogen may have a protective role in the development of memory disorders, potentially reducing the risk of dementia. However, there is no consensus on the association between hormone replacement therapy and dementia due to conflicting findings that can be attributed to various factors such as confounding variables and unreliable self-reported information.

Furthermore, the protective effects of estrogen may vary across different types of dementia. While it has shown to be protective against vascular dementia, its impact on Alzheimer’s disease remains inconclusive. This highlights the complexity of estrogen’s role in brain health and the need for individualized risk assessments for hormone therapy. Despite its potential benefits, there are also risks associated with hormone therapy, including an increased risk of breast cancer, venous thrombosis, and cerebral infarction. Therefore, careful evaluation of an individual’s health profile and risk factors should be considered before initiating hormone therapy.

In conclusion, estrogen’s influence on women’s health goes beyond reproductive function and encompasses a wide range of physiological and psychological aspects. Ongoing research aims to further elucidate the complex roles of estrogen in brain health and its potential impact on memory disorders while considering individualized risk assessments for hormone therapy.

Overall Estrogen plays a crucial role in regulating female reproductive health by influencing gender characteristics and sexual behavior as well as having broader effects on the body such as protection against cardiovascular diseases

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