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Israel Deploys Advanced AI Technology in Combat Operations in Gaza: Raising Concerns About Autonomous Weapons in Modern Warfare

ByEditor

Feb 10, 2024
Israel Utilizes AI-Enhanced Military Technology in Gaza Conflict | Global News

The Israeli military has integrated advanced Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology into its combat operations in Gaza, marking the first deployment of such cutting-edge weaponry in months. This move has raised concerns about the implications of autonomous weapons in modern warfare. A senior defense official revealed that the AI-enabled tech is primarily focused on neutralizing enemy drones and mapping Hamas’s extensive tunnel network in Gaza.

Israel’s tech industry, which accounts for 18 percent of GDP in 2022, is facing challenges due to the ongoing conflict with Hamas. The sector has been affected by the conflict, with an estimated eight percent of its workforce called up for military service. The escalating civilian death toll highlights the need for greater oversight over the deployment of new defense technologies.

The use of AI in weapons systems was a topic of international concern, highlighted in a UN resolution in December where over 150 countries identified “serious challenges and concerns” in emerging military technologies, including artificial intelligence and autonomy. The conflict with Hamas has shifted the dynamics of modern warfare, prompting Israel to employ new technology to counter threats such as inexpensive unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or drones.

To counter these threats, Israel has employed an AI-enabled optic sight created by Smart Shooter startup attached to weapons like rifles and machine guns. This innovation allows soldiers to intercept drones more accurately even if they are visually impaired or regular soldiers turned highly accurate marksmen with this aid. Another development involves using AI-powered drones to map and navigate the extensive underground tunnel network in Gaza known as ‘Gaza Metro.’ These tunnels are critical hiding places and locations where hostages are held, making it crucial for drones equipped with AI capabilities to detect humans and operate underground. (With AFP inputs)

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