• Fri. Mar 1st, 2024

Minefields and Misunderstandings: The Ongoing Battle Over Nagorno-Karabakh’s Territorial Dispute


Feb 12, 2024
Yerevan Sends Baku 8 Inaccurate Minefield Forms

In November 2020, the National Security Service of Armenia announced that it was going to hand over to Azerbaijan eight newly discovered logs of maps of minefields. However, Azerbaijan reacted harshly to this statement, stressing that it expects Armenia to present concrete maps of all mined areas. Baku also noted that the accuracy of the maps presented by Armenia under international pressure is only 25 percent.

According to the Azerbaijan Mine Action Service (ANAMA), Armenia has handed over 8 new forms of minefields to Azerbaijan. The submitted forms mainly contain information about the minefields surrounding the Murovdagh mountain range of Kelbajar (Karvachar) region. The forms detail the types of mines, the number, and the distances between the mines. However, ANAMA stated that the latest data provided is not accurate and reliable, as analysis of the forms showed that the indicated data do not match with real minefields and the coordinates of the points are incorrect.

The announcement by Armenia came after a tripartite agreement on November 9, 2020, which called for a ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh. Under this agreement, Armenia agreed to provide maps of its mined areas so that they could be cleared by demining experts from Azerbaijan and Russia.

Despite this agreement, Azerbaijan has remained skeptical about the accuracy of the maps presented by Armenia. According to Baku, only 25 percent of these maps are accurate and reliable. This has led to tensions between Azerbaijan and Armenia as both sides continue to dispute ownership over Nagorno-Karabakh.

The situation is further complicated by allegations made by human rights groups that both sides have been accused of laying landmines in violation of international law during and after their conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh.

As a result, there are concerns that many civilians are still being killed or injured due to landmines in both countries. This has led some international organizations to call for greater efforts from both sides to clear their territory free from danger before any final peace settlement can be reached.

In conclusion, while there have been efforts made towards clearing landmines in Nagorno-Karabakh following international pressure and a ceasefire agreement between Azerbaijan and Armenia in November 2020, there are still significant challenges that need to be overcome before any lasting peace can be achieved. These challenges include doubts about accuracy in map data provided by both sides and allegations made by human rights groups regarding violations of international law during conflicts involving landmines.

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